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Viokace

Viokace (pancrelipase) is used to treat exocrine pancreatic insufficiency due to chronic pancreatitis or pancreatectomy. Includes Viokace side effects, interactions and indications.
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Drug Information:
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Viokace (pancrelipase) tablets for the treatment of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency due to chronic pancreatitis or pancreatectomy. Read this Medication Guide before you start taking Viokace and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking with your doctor about your medical condition or treatment. Viokace may increase your chance of having a rare bowel disorder called fibrosing colonopathy. This condition is serious and may require surgery. The risk of having this condition may be reduced by following the dosing instructions that your doctor gave you. Learn more

Viokace Side Effects

Viokace Side Effects

Note: This document contains side effect information about pancrelipase. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Viokace.

For the Consumer

Applies to pancrelipase: oral capsule delayed release, oral tablet

Along with its needed effects, pancrelipase (the active ingredient contained in Viokace) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking pancrelipase:

Rare

  • Skin rash or hives

With high doses

  • Bowel blockage
  • diarrhea
  • nausea
  • stomach cramps or pain

With very high doses

  • Blood in the urine
  • joint pain
  • swelling of the feet or lower legs

With powder dosage form or powder from opened capsules

- if breathed in
  • Stuffy nose
  • tightness in the chest
  • trouble breathing

With tablets

- if held in the mouth
  • Irritation of the mouth

Incidence not known

  • Cough
  • difficulty with swallowing
  • dizziness
  • fast heartbeat
  • itching
  • noisy breathing
  • puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
  • redness of the skin
  • severe stomach pain
  • unusual tiredness or weakness

Some side effects of pancrelipase may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common

  • Blurred vision
  • dry mouth
  • flushed, dry skin
  • fruit-like breath odor
  • headache
  • increased hunger
  • increased thirst
  • increased urination
  • sweating
  • unexplained weight loss
  • vomiting

Less common

  • Abnormal feces
  • anxiety
  • bloated feeling
  • chills
  • cold sweats
  • confusion
  • cool, pale skin
  • depression
  • excess air or gas in the stomach or intestines
  • feeling of fullness
  • fever
  • frequent bowel movements
  • loss of consciousness
  • muscle aches
  • nightmares
  • passing gas
  • runny nose
  • seizures
  • shakiness
  • slurred speech
  • sore throat

Incidence not known

  • Difficulty having a bowel movement
  • difficulty with moving
  • muscle aching or cramping
  • muscle pains or stiffness
  • muscle spasm
  • swollen joints

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to pancrelipase: oral capsule, oral capsule extended release, oral delayed release capsule, oral powder for reconstitution, oral tablet, oral tablet extended release

General

The most commonly reported side effects included gastrointestinal complaints, abdominal pain, and headaches.

Gastrointestinal

Bowel stricture formation occasionally occurred in children with cystic fibrosis who received high doses.

Moderate duodenitis and gastritis occurred in a patient with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency due to cystic fibrosis 16 days after completing treatment with 4000 lipase units/gram fat ingested per day for 5 to 6 days, followed by placebo for an additional 5 to 6 days.

Very common (10% or more): Gastrointestinal complaints (up to 32%), abdominal pain (up to 18%)

Common (1% to 10%): Abdominal distention, abdominal pain upper, abnormal feces, anal pruritus, ascites, constipation, diarrhea, dyspepsia, early satiety, flatulence, frequent bowel movements, nausea, vomiting

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Abdominal discomfort, bowel stricture formation

Frequency not reported: Duodenitis, fibrosing colonopathy, gastritis, steatorrhea, strictures of the ileocecum

Postmarketing reports: Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS)

Nervous system

Very common (10% or more): Headache (up to 15%)

Common (1% to 10%): Dizziness

Postmarketing reports: Dull headache

A dull headache was reported by a patient receiving treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid concomitantly. The event resolved without sequelae after discontinuation of this drug.

Metabolic

Common (1% to 10%): Decreased appetite, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, weight decreased

Frequency not reported: Hyperuricemia

Dermatologic

Common (1% to 10%): Rash, skin reactions

Frequency not reported: Pruritus/itching, urticaria/hives

Postmarketing reports: Blotchy/red facial rash

Hepatic

Common (1% to 10%): Biliary tract stones, hydrocholecystis

Postmarketing reports: Asymptomatic liver enzyme elevations

Respiratory

Common (1% to 10%): Cough, nasopharyngitis

Postmarketing reports: Asthma

Cardiovascular

Common (1% to 10%): Contusion, peripheral edema

Hematologic

Common (1% to 10%): Anemia

Frequency not reported: Transient neutropenia with/without clinical sequelae

Renal

Common (1% to 10%): Renal cyst

Psychiatric

Common (1% to 10%): Irritability

Immunologic

Common (1% to 10%): Viral infection

Hypersensitivity

A patient with a known history of allergy to another pancrelipase (the active ingredient contained in Viokace) product developed a mild allergic reaction, including red, blotchy facial rash and itching. The event resolved without sequelae after discontinuation of this drug.

Frequency not reported: Anaphylactic reactions, hypersensitivity

Postmarketing reports: Anaphylaxis, mild allergic reactions, severe allergic reactions

Other

Frequency not reported: Fatigue

Musculoskeletal

Postmarketing reports: Muscle spasm, myalgia

Oncologic

Postmarketing reports: Recurrence of preexisting carcinoma

Ocular

Postmarketing reports: Blurred vision

Editorial References and Review

Medically reviewed by USARx EDITORIAL TEAM Last updated on 1/1/2020.

Source: Drugs.com Viokace (www.drugs.com/viokace.html).