Generic Name: nintedanib (nin TED a nib)
Brand Names: Ofev
What is Ofev?
Ofev (nintedanib) is used in people with diseases that cause scar tissue to form deep within the lungs. The scar tissue thickens and becomes stiff over time, which can make it harder for your lungs to work. Decreased lung function can make it hard for you to breathe. Other medical problems can occur when your brain, heart, and other organs do not get enough oxygen.
Ofev is used to treat idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). This medicine is also used to slow the decline in lung function in people with a disorder called systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease (sometimes called scleroderma-associated ILD).
Ofev is not a cure for IPF or ILD, but this medicine can slow the effects of these diseases on your lungs.
Ofev may harm an unborn baby. Avoid getting pregnant while you are using this medicine and for at least 3 months after your last dose. Use effective birth control, with an extra barrier method (condom, diaphragm, cervical cap, contraceptive sponge).
Before taking this medicine
To make sure Ofev is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have ever had:
a blood clot;
bleeding problems (in you or a family member);
surgery on your stomach or intestines;
if you smoke; or
if you take a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven).
You may need to have a negative pregnancy test before starting this treatment.
Nintedanib may harm an unborn baby. Use effective birth control to prevent pregnancy while you are using this medicine and for at least 3 months after your last dose.
If you use hormonal birth control (birth control pills, injections, implants, skin patches, or vaginal rings), also use a barrier form of birth control to prevent pregnancy while taking Ofev. Barrier forms include a condom, diaphragm, cervical cap, or contraceptive sponge).
Ofev may affect fertility (your ability to have children) in women. However, it is important to use birth control to prevent pregnancy because this medicine can harm an unborn baby.
You should not breastfeed while using this medicine.
How should I take Ofev?
Ofev is usually taken 2 times per day, every 12 hours. Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose.
Your doctor will perform blood tests to make sure you do not have conditions that would prevent you from safely using Ofev.
Take with food and a full glass of water.
Swallow the capsule whole and do not crush, chew, break, or open it.
Take your doses at regular intervals, usually every 12 hours.
Ofev can cause severe diarrhea, which can be life-threatening if it leads to dehydration. You may need to take medication to prevent or quickly treat diarrhea.
Your doctor may recommend you have an anti-diarrhea medicine such as loperamide (Imodium) available at all times while you are taking Ofev. Take the anti-diarrhea medicine as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor.
Drink plenty of liquids and call your doctor at once if you have diarrhea while taking Ofev.
You will need frequent medical tests to be sure nintedanib is not causing harmful effects on your liver. Your next few doses may be delayed based on the results.
Store this medicine in the original container at room temperature, away from moisture and heat.
Ofev dosing information
Usual Adult Dose for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis:
150 mg orally every 12 hours
Maximum dose: 300 mg/day
-Conduct liver function tests prior to initiating therapy.
-Conduct a pregnancy test in females of reproductive potential prior to initiating therapy.
-Take this drug with food.
-Swallow whole with liquid; do not chew or crush due to bitter taste.
-Advise patient to skip missed dose.
Use: For the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)
What happens if I miss a dose?
Skip the missed dose and use your next dose at the regular time. Do not use two doses at one time.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
Do not take more than 300 milligrams of nintedanib in one day.
What should I avoid while taking Ofev?
Smoking can make Ofev less effective. Avoid smoking while taking this medicine, or try to quit before you start this treatment.
Avoid taking an herbal supplement containing St. John's wort.
Ask your doctor before taking a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), celecoxib (Celebrex), diclofenac, indomethacin, meloxicam, and others. Using an NSAID with nintedanib may cause you to bruise or bleed easily.
Ofev side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to Ofev: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have:
severe ongoing nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea;
severe stomach pain, bloating, or tenderness;
bleeding from your rectum or blood in your stools;
easy bruising or bleeding, any wound that will not heal;
fever, chills, cough with mucus, chest pain, feeling short of breath;
heart attack symptoms - chest pain or pressure, pain spreading to your jaw or shoulder, nausea, sweating;
liver problems - stomach pain (upper right side), loss of appetite, tiredness, dark urine, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes); or
signs of a stroke - sudden numbness or weakness (especially on one side of the body), slurred speech, problems with vision or balance.
Liver problems may be more likely in women, in people who weigh less than 143 pounds (65 kilograms), and in people of Asian descent.
Your doses may be delayed if you have certain side effects.
Common Ofev side effects may include:
nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite;
diarrhea, weight loss
increased blood pressure;
abnormal liver function tests.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What other drugs will affect Ofev?
Sometimes it is not safe to use certain medications at the same time. Some drugs can affect your blood levels of other drugs you take, which may increase side effects or make the medications less effective.
Other drugs may interact with nintedanib, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any medicine you start or stop using.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Ofev only for the indication prescribed.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Editorial References and Review
Medically reviewed by USARx EDITORIAL TEAM Last updated on 1/1/2020.
Source: Drugs.com Ofev (www.drugs.com/ofev.html).