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Desmopressin Acetate

Desmopressin acetate Prescription
Generic Name: desmopressin (oral/sublingual) (DEZ mo press in)
Brand Name: DDAVP, Nocdurna
Physician reviewed desmopressin (oral) patient information - includes desmopressin description, dosage and directions.
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Desmopressin Acetate Drug Information:

Desmopressin is used to treat nighttime bed-wetting, central Diabetes insipidus, and increased thirst and urination caused by head surgery or head trauma. Desmopressin is a man-made form of a hormone that occurs naturally in the pituitary gland and regulates how the body uses water. Desmopressin may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. You should not use desmopressin if you have severe kidney disease or hyponatremia (low sodium levels in your body). You also should not take Nocdurna if you have severe thirst, uncontrolled hypertension, heart failure, high levels of a hormone that causes fluid retention, or if you take a diuretic or use steroid medication. Learn more

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Desmopressin Acetate Side Effects

In Summary

More frequently reported side effects include: headache. See below for a comprehensive list of adverse effects.

For the Consumer

Applies to desmopressin: oral tablet

Other dosage forms:

  • sublingual tablet
  • injection solution
  • nasal solution, nasal spray

Side effects requiring immediate medical attention

Along with its needed effects, desmopressin may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking desmopressin:

Rare

  • Confusion
  • convulsions
  • decreased urine output
  • dizziness
  • fast or irregular heartbeat
  • headache
  • increased thirst
  • muscle pain or cramps
  • nausea or vomiting
  • shortness of breath
  • swelling of the face, ankles, or hands
  • unusual tiredness or weakness

Incidence not known

  • Weight gain

Side effects not requiring immediate medical attention

Some side effects of desmopressin may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.

Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Incidence not known

  • Delusions
  • dementia
  • diarrhea

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to desmopressin: injectable solution, nasal solution, nasal spray, oral tablet, sublingual tablet

Cardiovascular

One review of the literature found that the incidence of thrombotic events associated with the use of DDAVP to reduce blood loss and transfusion requirements in surgical patients was not significantly higher than placebo. In any case, the incidence of thrombosis is rare. One review found only 10 reports of thrombosis over a 4-year period, covering 433,000 doses of DDAVP.

Cardiovascular side effects have infrequently included transient and slight elevations or reductions in blood pressure, a compensatory change in heart rate, and facial flushing with injections of desmopressin (DDAVP). Vasodilation and water retention have occurred. There have been rare reports of thrombotic events (acute cerebral thrombosis, acute myocardial infarction) in some patients after DDAVP injection. At least one case of fatal left coronary thrombosis has been associated with the use of DDAVP.

Nervous system

Nervous system side effects have included seizures and/or coma as a result of severe water intoxication and hyponatremia. Other nervous system side effects have included headache and dizziness in less than 3% of patients. DDAVP nasal spray has been infrequently associated with somnolence, lethargy, paresthesias, fatigue, confusion, stupor, malaise, diaphoresis, itchy or light-sensitive eyes, insomnia, chills, warm feeling, and agitation.

The risk factors for DDAVP-induced hyponatremia include stress, surgery, anesthesia, narcotics (endogenous release of ADH), vomiting (loss of sodium), liver disease (hindered metabolism of DDAVP), overhydration with hyponatremic fluids, and advanced age. In some cases, fluid restriction, avoidance of hyponatremic solutions, and close monitoring of serum electrolytes and urine output for at least 15 to 20 hours after the administration of DDAVP may be beneficial.

Hematologic

Hematologic side effects have included platelet aggregation and thrombocytopenia. These have been seen almost uniquely in patients with von Willebrand's disease Type IIB (DDAVP is contraindicated in these patients).

Local

Local side effects of injections of DDAVP have included intravenous site erythema, swelling, and burning.

Respiratory

Respiratory side effects of intranasal DDAVP have included rhinitis, epistaxis, and nostril pain in 2% to 10% of patients. Apnea and cardiac arrest occurred in one patient.

Gastrointestinal

Gastrointestinal side effects have included mild abdominal cramps and nausea in 2% of patients. Dyspepsia and vomiting have rarely been associated with DDAVP nasal spray.

Hypersensitivity

Hypersensitivity reactions have rarely included anaphylaxis.

Psychiatric

Psychiatric side effects have included a single case of paranoid psychosis associated with the use of DDAVP nasal spray.

Editorial References and Review

Medically reviewed by USARx EDITORIAL TEAM Last updated on 1/1/2020.

Source: Drugs.com Desmopressin Acetate (www.drugs.com/mtm/desmopressin.html).