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Avandia

Generic Name: rosiglitazone (row zi GLI ta zone)
Brand Names: Avandia
Avandia is used to treat people with type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes. Learn about side effects, interactions and indications.
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Drug Information:
Avandia (rosiglitazone) is an oral diabetes medicine that helps control blood sugar levels. Avandia is used together with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This medicine is not for treating type 1 diabetes. Avandia is not recommended for use with insulin. Taking Avandia while you are using insulin may increase your risk of serious heart problems. Avandia can cause or worsen congestive heart failure. You should not use this medicine if you have severe or uncontrolled heart failure. Learn more

Avandia Side Effects

Avandia Side Effects

Note: This document contains side effect information about rosiglitazone. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Avandia.

In Summary

Common side effects of Avandia include: headache. Other side effects include: edema and nausea. See below for a comprehensive list of adverse effects.

For the Consumer

Applies to rosiglitazone: oral tablet

Warning

Oral route (Tablet)

Thiazolidinediones, including rosiglitazone, cause or exacerbate congestive heart failure in some patients. After initiation of rosiglitazone maleate, and after dose increases, observe patients carefully for signs and symptoms of heart failure (including excessive, rapid weight gain, dyspnea, and/or edema). If these signs and symptoms develop, the heart failure should be managed according to current standards of care. Furthermore, discontinuation or dose reduction of rosiglitazone maleate must be considered. Rosiglitazone maleate is not recommended in patients with symptomatic heart failure. Initiation of rosiglitazone maleate in patients with established NYHA Class III or IV heart failure is contraindicated.

Along with its needed effects, rosiglitazone (the active ingredient contained in Avandia) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking rosiglitazone:

Less common

  • Abdominal or stomach pain
  • blurred vision
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • decrease in the amount of urine
  • dry mouth
  • flushed, dry skin
  • fruit-like breath odor
  • increased hunger
  • increased thirst
  • increased urination
  • irregular heartbeat
  • nausea
  • noisy, rattling breathing
  • pain in the shoulders, arms, jaw, or neck
  • pale skin
  • rapid or unusual weight gain
  • sweating
  • swelling of the fingers, hands, feet, or lower legs
  • trouble breathing
  • unexplained weight loss
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • vomiting

Rare

  • Anxiety
  • chills
  • cold sweats
  • coma
  • confusion
  • dark urine
  • depression
  • dizziness
  • fast heartbeat
  • headache
  • loss of appetite
  • nightmares
  • seizures
  • shakiness
  • slurred speech

Incidence not known

  • Blue lips and fingernails
  • changes in vision
  • coughing that sometimes produces a pink frothy sputum
  • hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
  • itching or skin rash
  • light-colored stools
  • redness of the skin
  • yellow eyes or skin

Some side effects of rosiglitazone may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common

  • Ear congestion
  • fever
  • general feeling of discomfort or illness
  • hoarseness or other voice changes
  • injury
  • joint pain
  • muscle aches and pains
  • runny or stuffy nose
  • shivering
  • sneezing
  • sore throat
  • trouble sleeping

Less common

  • Back pain
  • cough
  • diarrhea
  • lightheadedness
  • pain or tenderness around the eyes and cheekbones

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to rosiglitazone: oral tablet

General

The most commonly reported adverse reports included upper respiratory tract infections, injury, and headache.

Cardiovascular

Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events:

Overall data from long-term rosiglitazone (the active ingredient contained in Avandia) trials including the RECORD, ADOPT, and DREAM trials (rosiglitazone n=6311; control n=7756) showed no difference in overall mortality or major adverse cardiovascular events; however, a meta-analysis of shorter-term trials suggests and increased risk for myocardial infarction with rosiglitazone compared with placebo.

The RECORD trial (Rosiglitazone evaluated for Cardiac Outcomes and Regulation of Glycemia in Diabetes) revealed no significant difference in cardiovascular hospitalization or cardiovascular death (primary outcome) among patients with type 2 diabetes receiving rosiglitazone add-on therapy (n=2220) compared with active control (n=2227); however, there was a significant difference in the incidence of CHF (secondary endpoint). Patients randomized were those who had failed metformin or sulfonylurea monotherapy; mean age: 58 years; 52% male. Following randomization to add-on rosiglitazone or active control (add-on metformin for those inadequately controlled on sulfonylurea or add-on sulfonylurea for those inadequately controlled on metformin) patients were treated to a target glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) of 7% or less. Heart failure was reported in 61 patients receiving add-on rosiglitazone and 29 patients receiving active control.

In a retrospective analysis of 42 clinical trials (mean duration 6 months), rosiglitazone was associated with an increased risk of myocardial ischemia compared with combined active or placebo control (2% versus 1.53%). These events included angina pectoris, angina dyspnea, myocardial infarction, coronary thrombosis, myocardial ischemia, coronary artery disease, and coronary artery disorder. There was an increased risk with combination insulin therapy and in patients receiving nitrates for known coronary heart disease.

Cardiovascular Events in Patients with NYHA Class I and II Heart Failure:

An increased risk of cardiovascular events was observed in a 52-week trial in patients with NYHA Class I and II Heart Failure who were receiving rosiglitazone (n=110) compared with placebo (n=114). These events included: cardiovascular deaths (5% vs 4%), worsening CHF (6% vs 4%), new or worsening edema (25% vs 9%), new or worsening dyspnea (26% vs 17%), increases in CHF medication (33% vs 18%), and cardiovascular hospitalization (19% vs 13%).

Edema:

-Dose-related edema was reported in rosiglitazone clinical trials. In patients receiving rosiglitazone 8 mg in combination with a sulfonylurea, the incidence of edema was 12.4%. In rosiglitazone monotherapy trials, edema was reported in 4.8% of patients (dose not specified). Healthy volunteers receiving rosiglitazone 8 mg once daily for 8 weeks experienced a statistically significant increase in median plasma volume compared with placebo.

Concomitant Administration with Insulin:

-Edema was reported with higher frequency in the rosiglitazone plus insulin combination trials (insulin, 5.4%; and rosiglitazone with insulin 14.7%). Reports of new onset or exacerbation of CHF occurred at a rate of 1% for insulin alone, 2% (4 mg) and 3% (8 mg) for insulin in combination with rosiglitazone. The coadministration of rosiglitazone and insulin is not recommended.

Common (1% to 10%): Edema, hypertension,

Frequency not reported: Cardiovascular deaths, congestive heart failure (CHF), myocardial infarction, angina, angina pectoris, angina dyspnea, myocardial infarction, coronary thrombosis, myocardial ischemia, coronary artery disease, coronary artery disorder

Hematologic

Anemia was reported in 1.9% of patients receiving rosiglitazone (the active ingredient contained in Avandia) as monotherapy. In combination therapy with metformin, a sulfonylurea, or metformin plus a sulfonylurea, the incidence of anemia was 7.1%, 2.3%, and 6.7%, respectively. Laboratory findings have shown dose-related decreases in hemoglobin and hematocrit; mean decreases in hemoglobin were 1 g/dL and up to 3.3% in hematocrit. These changes primarily occurred during the first 3 months or following a dose increase. They may be related to increased plasma volume.

Common (1% to 10%): Anemia

Frequency not reported: Decrease in WBC counts

Hepatic

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Hyperbilirubinemia, ALT elevations

Postmarketing reports: Hepatitis, hepatic enzyme elevations greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal, hepatic failure

Metabolic

Common (1% to 10%): Hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, hypocholesterolemia

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Weight gain

Frequency not reported: Increases in waist and hip circumference

The mechanism of weight gain is unclear, although it probably is due to a combination of fluid retention and fat accumulation. In the ADOPT monotherapy trial, median weight change at 4 years was plus 3.5 kg.

Endocrine

Frequency not reported: Resumption of ovulation in premenopausal, anovulatory women, hormonal imbalance

Hypersensitivity

Postmarketing reports: Anaphylactic reaction, urticaria, angioedema

Dermatologic

Postmarketing reports: Rash, pruritus, urticaria, angioedema, Stevens-Johnson syndrome

Ocular

Postmarketing reports: Diabetic macular edema with decreased visual acuity

Respiratory

Common (1% to 10%): Upper respiratory tract infection, sinusitis

Frequency not reported: Dyspnea

Postmarketing reports: Pulmonary edema, pleural effusions

Musculoskeletal

Common (1% to 10%): Back pain

Frequency not reported: Fractures

Long-term clinical trials have shown an increased incidence of bone fracture in patients receiving drug compared with glyburide or metformin. This increased incidence appeared after the first year and persisted during the trials. The majority of fractures were observed in women and occurred in the upper arm, hand, and foot.

Gastrointestinal

Common (1% to 10%): Diarrhea

Other

Common (1% to 10%): Injury, fatigue

Editorial References and Review

Medically reviewed by USARx EDITORIAL TEAM Last updated on 1/1/2020.

Source: Drugs.com Avandia (www.drugs.com/avandia.html).